Many biological scientists work in research and development. Requires Ph.D. in a chosen or applied subject, which varies from cancer biology, vaccines, immunology, animal biotechnology, plant biotechnology namely so. There is growing demand for people with Ph.D. degree with specialization. It is also important to have degree from reputed institute for best success in academic institute or industry as well. Experts suggest, early years during Ph.D. requires dedication and long hours in laboratory and later years requires planning for postdoctoral training or getting started as young scientists as part of a core team. After developing specialized expertise, they further may read research team or run a lab.
Research based biotechnology career have two places to work, academic and biotech industry.
Academic - Many scientists held faculty positions in colleges, universities and research institutes funded by state and central governments. Almost half of all biological scientists were employed by the state and central government funded institutions. They have more freedom on their specialization research compared to people working in biotech industry. Their work funded by grants from government budget as research and development.
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Biotech industry - employ as scientist or team leader in R & D departments. This area is also called "discovery research". Because, their work involves discovering a new processes, drugs and technologies. They have less autonomous than academic researchers to choose the area of research, relying instead on the company products and goals. Scientists are increasingly working as a part of team interacting with engineers, business managers and technicians.
A lot of job prospects in no-research based biotechnology sector for those who are not interested in independent research. Basically you don't required to have Ph.D. but requires Master degree, which is sufficient for the jobs in teaching, R & D departments and others.
Teaching - there are excellent teaching opportunities for people with good teaching skills not interested in lab. Readers and lecturer positions are plenty in universities, postgraduate and degree colleges.
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Biotech industry - most of the laboratory technicians have master degrees. The functions performed by technicians range from maintaining stocks of reagents and research supplies to performing or supervising routine operations and performing supervised research experiments. Later gaining some experience, they may become scientist with additional qualification and some training.
Others - such as consulting, patent law, and senior management positions require intimate knowledge of scientific fundamentals and research dynamics.
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by Rajasekhar N. PhD.
Author is expert in enzymology and presently residing in UK for postdoctoral studies. And also he is a moderator for helpBIOTECH